Ellen Jenny Ravndal received a DPhil in International Relations from St Antony’s College, University of Oxford in 2015. Her research examines international organisations from a historical perspective, and addresses questions such as what kind of actors international organisations are and how they gain autonomy. Ravndal’s thesis analysed the development of the role of the UN secretary-general with a particular emphasis on developments under the first secretary-general, Trygve Lie (1946-1953). As part of STANCE she will conduct a research project on the emergence of the first international organisations and their secretariats in the 19th century. Ellen is currently a Research Fellow at Australian National University.